The Department took-off in 1985 as a sub-unit of what was known as Department of Political Economy within the Faculty of Social Sciences in the then Anambra State University of Technology (ASUTECH). Following the creation of New Anambra State in 1991 by the Babangida Administration, Awka Campus which housed the Faculty of Social Sciences became an autonomous institution now known as Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka. From then, Economics Unit became an autonomous Department. The first set of students graduated in 1989. Since then, it has been turning out graduates every session except for 1994/95 session as a result of the nation-wide strike by the Nigerian Universities.